Movie History
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MOVIE HISTORY


Pre-1900

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  • Ptolemy of Alexandria discovers the phenomenon of persistence of vision.

    1250
  • Leon Battista Alberti invents the forerunner of camera obscura

    1834
  • Zoetrope, based on an ancient invention is patented

    1850
  • Photographic magic lantern slides come into use

    1873
  • Muybridge begins experiments in photography of motion. He is successful in 1877

    1884
  • Eastman's roll paper photographic medium

    1889
  • Development of Eastman's flexible roll film medium for photography
  • Dickson demonstrates Kinetophone to Edison

    1891
  • Develpoment of the Kinetoscope private viewer

    1893
  • Thomas Edison completes the first film studio on February 1 in West Orange N.J. Called the Black Maria, it is built on a pivot so that the set could be turned to follow the sun.

    1895
  • In France, Auguste and Louis Lumiere film the workers leaving the family photographic factory in Lyons. "La Sortie des Ouviriers de l'Usine" Lumiere is privately shown through a projector the brothers had patented. On December 28, they show it again to a public audience, along with "The Sprinkler Sprinkled" and newsreel type footage.
  • Max Skladanowsky completes Bioskop projector
  • American Mutoscope and Biograph Company founded; orginally known as the K.M.C.D. Syndicate after its founders, E.B. Koopman, Henry Marvin, Herman Casler, and W.K.L. Dickson

    1896
  • April 23, Edison's first show at Koster and Bial's Music Hall, NY.
  • American Mutoscope and Biograph company is formed as the Kinetoscope; it is Edison's only rival for the budding film industry.
  • Georges Melies, French magician, actor and designer, discovers the magical possiblities of the camera when it jams and the image moves. He builds Europe's first studio, at Montreuil-sous-Bois.

    1897
  • Edison begins patent infringement suits
  • Edwin Porter joins Edison's company

    1898
  • Robert W. Paul of England makes Come Along Do!, the first film to be shot in more than one scene.
  • Vitagraph makes Tearing Down the Spanish Flag, considered to be the first propaganda film.


The1900's

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